Bardem, Juan Antonio


Bardem, Juan Antonio
b. 1922, Madrid
   Filmmaker
   One of the famous three B's of the Franco period (see also Buñuel, Luis; Berlanga, Luis), Bardem was notorious for his strictures on Spanish cinema of the time as "politically ineffective, socially false, intellectually abject, aesthetically non-existent and commercially crippled", a judgement delivered at the Salamanca Conversations of 1955. The son of the actor Rafael Bardem and the actress Matilde Muñoz Sampedro, Bardem had studied along with Berlanga at IIEC and together they produced their first film, Esa pareja feliz (That Happy Couple) (1951). By focusing on the life of ordinary people and influenced by Italian neorealism it exemplified the new social concerns of serious Spanish filmmaking, concerns which were to be severely hampered by censorship. His films of the 1950s were powerful critiques of contemporary society, the self-absorption of urban society in Muerte de un ciclista (Death of a Cyclist) (1955) and the stifling boredom of provincial life in Calle Mayor (Main Street) (1956) which won him an International Critics Award when it was banned as an official entry at Venice. His next film La venganza (Revenge) (1957), which was to have been entitled Los segadores (The Reapers) as the first in an intended series depicting the lives of working people, was so mauled by the censors that it failed, causing him to abandon his plans. Nunca pasa nada (Nothing Ever Happens), written in 1960 but not made until 1963, because of problems with censorship, is considered his most representative and by some his best film.
   In the 1960s and 1970s he experimented with a wide variety of genres, including his most openly communist-inspired film El puente (The Long Weekend) (1976), and in the 1980s directed television productions, in particular his longplanned series Lorca, muerte de un poeta (Lorca, Death of a Poet) (1988). He became President of the Assembly of Spanish Cinema and Audiovisual Directors in 1988, and President of the European Federation of Film Directors in 1993.
   See also: film and cinema
   Further reading
   - Higginbotham, V. (1988) Spanish Cinema under Franco, Austin, TX: University of Texas Press (one of the most comprehensive surveys of this period).
   EAMONN RODGERS

Encyclopedia of contemporary Spanish culture. 2013.

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  • Bardem, Juan Antonio — (1922 2002)    Juan Antonio Bardem studied engineering and worked for the Ministry of Agriculture before entering, as one in the first draft of students, the Instituto de Investigaciones y Experiencias Cinematográficas (the first Spanish official …   Guide to cinema

  • Bardem, Juan Antonio — (1922 2002)    Juan Antonio Bardem studied engineering and worked for the Ministry of Agriculture before entering, as one in the first draft of students, the Instituto de Investigaciones y Experiencias Cinematográficas (the first Spanish official …   Historical dictionary of Spanish cinema

  • Bardem, Juan Antonio — ► (1922 2002) Realizador, crítico y teórico del cine español. Colaboró con L. G. Berlanga. Se ha distinguido por su crítica de la vida en España. Realizador de Felices Pascuas (1954), La muerte de un ciclista (1955) y Calle Mayor (1956) …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Juan-Antonio Bardem — est un réalisateur espagnol né le 2 juin 1922 et décédé d’une défaillance cardiaque le 30 octobre 2002. Il fut considéré par la critique internationale comme l un des acteurs les plus politisés de son pays et de son époque. Né …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Juan Antonio Bardem — Nombre real Juan Antonio Bardem Muñoz Nacimiento 2 de junio de 1922 , Madrid Fallecimiento …   Wikipedia Español

  • Juan Antonio Bardem — (* 2. Juli 1922 in Madrid; † 30. Oktober 2002 ebenda) war spanischer Filmregisseur und Drehbuchautor. Leben Juan Antonio Bardem war der Sohn des Schauspielerehepaares Rafael Bardem und Matilde Muñoz Sampedro. In den 1950er Jahren galt er mit… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Juan Antonio Bardem — est un réalisateur espagnol, né le 2 juin 1922 à Madrid où il est mort le 30 octobre 2002. Il fut considéré par la critique internationale comme l un des réalisateurs les plus politisés de son pays et de son époque. Fils d un… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Juan Antonio Bardem — (2 June 1922–30 October 2002), was a Spanish screen writer and film director who was born and died in Madrid, and was best known for Muerte de un Ciclista (1955) which won the FIPRESCI Prize at the 1955 Cannes Film Festival. Bardem was an uncle… …   Wikipedia

  • Bardem — Bardem, Javier Encinas Bardem, llamado Javier Bardem, Juan Antonio …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Bardem — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Bardem es un apellido de origen catalán. Remite a los miembros de una familia de actores y directores españoles, entre los que destacan los siguientes: Rafael Bardem Solé (1889 1972) Actor de cine español. Juan… …   Wikipedia Español